Probably you’re feeling nervous about how to use a table saw. In this article, we are going to discuss how to properly use the table saw that will make your DIY projects enjoyable and productive. Also, keep reading to get ideas about table saw for beginner’s user.
- 1 How to use a table saw: Your Ultimate Guideline
- 1.1 The Parts of the saw
- 1.2 Types of cuts
- 1.3 The Safety features
- 1.4 Set the Blade Height
- 1.5 The Angled Cuts
- 1.6 Fence Adjustment
- 1.7 Insert blade
- 1.8 Standard Insert
- 1.9 Zero Clearance Insert
- 1.10 Wide Gap Insert
- 1.11 Blades
- 1.12 The Standard Blade
- 1.13 The Dado Blade
- 1.14 Kinds of cutting
- 1.15 Summary
- 2 Conclusion
How to use a table saw: Your Ultimate Guideline
Table saw is also a very useful machine that can make a clean, smooth cut in a board. Using a perfect blade you can do all the hard work and various kinds of cuts as well as a variety of different woodworking joints.
The Parts of the saw
First of all, you have to know about the machine. Let’s know about the parts of the table saw.
This table of the saw is mounted on an arbor and the table saw is driven by an electric motor either directly, by belt, or by gears.
The table saw comes with a power button for pushing turns the machine off and while pulling on the button turns it on.
There are few different kinds of blade for a table saw so use the right blade depending on your tasks.
After choosing the right blade, insert the blade for making cut and mostly used blade inserts have 1/8 gaps on both sides of the blade.
Blade height adjustment
Adjust the blade height on your table saw at sears parts direct for cutting and to provide high-quality fiber cleaving.
Blade adjustment wheel
Blade adjustment wheel allows you to change the height of the saw blade. And it comes with an angle indicator.
A fence is most important for the saw blade and it is used to keep the work at a distance from the spinning blade if you are want to make a ripping cut.
Use fence dog on the table saw as a lever that locks your fence for keeping tight against the rip fence after the cutter.
Types of cuts
You can perform three standard types of cuts on the table saw. They are dado cut, a ripping cut, and a crosscut. Let’s have a look at the three types of cuts variant.
To make a dado cut using a small or medium-sized table saw try to use a 3/4 inch dado blade. Typically dado cut used in jointers by using a fence or the miter gauge. But there are some special dado blades for making kinds of cuts more accurately and quickly.
Crosscut means cutting across the wood’s grain and to make a crosscut with a table saw start by setting the miter gauge to 45 degrees. Also, mount an extension fence for moving toward the blade for enough cut with a 45 degrees angle.
Table saws are the best for making the ripping cut if you use proper ripping techniques. You have to make sure that your riving knife is installed perfectly to prevent the dreaded kickback because rip cuts are dangerous. So, the riving knife is the most important for the ripping cut.
The Safety features
Safety features for the table saw and yourself is the most important to protect both for using safely. So, you should use the table saw with safety so that your work is complete successfully.
Using table saw is not so hard but you have to work with care but if you are not careful then it can cause a devastating injury. Like you might lose your finger or can also have an effect on your eye or some other injuries so work with wearing the safety equipment.
Wear safety glasses, hearing protection, and appropriate clothes. You should avoid wearing loose-fitting clothes, necklets, jewelry because these can make hazards while using the table saw. Pay attention to what you are doing and careful operation will give good results in your work.
Set the Blade Height
There are two different ways to set your blade height. The first is to set your blade slightly higher (about 1/8) than the top of the piece of wood you want to work on. The purpose of this is protection – if you slip, you will not get a deep cut and will save your fingers. The downside is that this setup can cause more tears under the board and also increase the chances of kickbacks (due to the wood touching the teeth horizontally instead of the vertical angles). This is a preferred method if you don’t really want to avoid tear-outs.
In the second method, the blade is set well above the top of the workpiece. This method reduces tear-outs and fights but is more dangerous. Many more blades have been exposed which means that accidental slipping can have serious consequences. One needs a lot of experience to use this method, as well as 100% concentration.
The Angled Cuts
There are many models of table saws and they are capable of making many kinds of angled cuts but many users use for two types of angle cut.
The first is set by setting the meter gauge because it relates to the plane of the blade. To use this type of cut, you need to use its miter gauge to set the desired angle and then continue cutting regularly.
On the other hand, the second angle is related to the plane of the table. This can be done by tilting the blade. In most table saws, the wheel wit5h which you adjust the angle of the blade has the indicator on the front of the instrument located on the front of the device. Meter gauge markings, on the other hand, are there for the precision of the carpentry level. If the angle needs to be really precise, you can use a bevel gauge and protector.
Fence adjustment is a part of a table saw and is used for cutting the wooden boards precisely at length-wise. Also, it is adjusted by the lever and you have to raise this lever if you want to change the width of your cut. Besides, you can move the fence side to side. So, fence adjustment is needed to precisely cut wooden boards.
You may use the different types of blade insertion method. These methods can be standard insert, Zero clearance insert, and Wide gap insert.
This usually comes together with the show on the table. It can be used to cut activities like ripping cuts and crosscuts, but only if the waste does not fall and the jam does not fall.
Zero Clearance Insert
This type of insert is used for ripping cuts and vertical crosscuts. The aforementioned standard insert must be used if the waste is able to thin and jam.
Wide Gap Insert
This insert only allows trenching cuts and should be used with dado blades. An important point here is to make sure that the dado blade does not come into contact with the insert. Spine the blade before turning the machine and make sure the front and back are being cleared of the wide gap insert. To switch inserts, one has to lift the front and use the tab at the back.
We’re going to describe some common types of blades that you can use for your table saw.
The Standard Blade
The standard blade for a table saw is 8-10 inches in diameter and 1/8 wide. The best ones bring carbide to the teeth and allow them to stay sharp for a long time. Standard blade for a standard cut that makes a clean and smooth cut through wooden projects.
The Dado Blade
The dado blades are made for a table saw and you can control the width by adjusting this blade. Using the method will depend on your saw and the dado blade set. All dado blade set is compatible so you should check your saw specification and know well about the saw features.
Kinds of cutting
There are two kinds of cutting performed on a table saw. They are cross-cut and ripping cut. Read the below on how to accomplish them correctly for cutting to make your clean cut through the wood.
Put your workpiece on the table against the fence. Take a perfect tool for measurement and mark on the workpiece. After adjusting the blade height and the fence turn on the power button switch of the saw. Then Use enough force but not try excessive force while the workpiece against the fence otherwise can be very dangerous and also inaccurate cuts.
Hold the board as firmly as you can as and smoothly and slowly push the workpiece through the blade along the marked line what you have made for cutting. After finishing the cut of the wood remove the scrap wood or you may shut off the machine. Again, while it is going to end up cutting the wood keep away your fingers from the blade and don’t stand in front of the loose materials unless the blade can pick up some wood and threw it back at you.
To make a ripping cut with your table saw adjust the blade. The blade height should be about 0.25 inches higher than the thickness of wood that you intend to cut. Make the blade height using the blade adjusting handle that located on the bottom of your table saw. You can make it either raise or lower depending on your wood adjusting measurement.
Adjust the fence and make distance measuring what extend you want to cut your board. If you need to cut a 3-foot wide board then measure 3 foot between the side fences. Besides, tighten and loosen the handle for moving the board left to right.
Hold the wood using enough force to push your board through the blade. After cutting your wood properly your intended dimensions retrieve your wood even if you want may turn off the switch of your table saw.
In summary for using a table saw, we can say that if you can make any kind of cut with the table saw. But these steps you should follow. Such as, safety equipment for you and your saw, know well parts of the saw, plan what types of cuts do you want to make, have to set blade height as well as changing the blade. Then adjust the fence and start to cut with the cross-cut or ripping cut. After finishing you cut turn off the saw and clean your saw as well as blades and other equipment and yourself. Hope to follow all the steps you can make a cut with your table saw.
Table saws used for woodworking and you can make rip cut, cross-cut, square cut, miter-cut, dado cut, and even effective or cleanest cut also possible. But you should know what is a table saw and what can you do with a table saw.
Lastly, hope you have able to know almost everything about how to use a table saw after knowing its parts, safety features, types of cuts and all of the table saw tips. We can say that using a table saw isn’t as tough as we think but you have to work with care for safety.
By the way, if you have any further questions about how to use a table saw to cut safely do comment below and let us know. All the best for your woodworking projects.