When you look at a tenon saw, you might think that what kind of saw is it? Is it a handsaw or is it a backsaw? Because it looks very similar to both of these saws. Another question can come to your mind that what is tenon saw used for? These questions can be answered in different ways. First of all, This saw is a type of hand saw. Because it is operated with human hands; not machine. Again, it is also a kind of backsaw. It is just a midsized backsaw. The saws which have metal spine up at their back which helps the saw to make cuts in a more precise way are called backsaws. So this saw is undoubtedly a backsaw.
A Tenon Saw is a type of backsaw which is used for making deep, accurate cuts in furniture joinery. It produces straight and makes fast cuts without binding. It uses its form edges to keep the saw blade stable while making cuts. The metal spine above it adds weight to the saw which increases the accuracy of the cut. It also limits the depth of the cut. It is also the most used backsaw.
Uses of a tenon saw
Now that it is being made clear to you that what a tenon saw is, it is the time to answer the next question; what is tenon saw used for? This saw is used for making tenon cuts or mortise cuts and tenon joints on a wooden workpiece. In fact, the saw is designed for this work. A tenon saw is also used for cutting different furniture shapes like tenon shoulder joints, miter box joints, housing joints etc. these types of cuts may have their foundation style similar to one another but still they have some little differences. Whatever the type of the cut is, This saw can be used to make every type of these cuts. Simple or complex, miters or straight, grooves or rectangles; it does not matter. This saw will cut through all of them.
As the shape and size of the tenon saw is smaller than the typical hand saws, it can make cuts on small workpieces with more accuracy. This is not a weakness. It was made this way.
Cutting pattern of tenon saw
A tenon saw blade is a short but firm blade with a wooden gripped handle similar to the grip of a pistol. The tooth of the blade is rip filed. This rip filed blade allows the saw to make cuts across the wood grains.
Normally, the TPI (teeth per inch) of a tenon saw is 13 at average.
When some other saws make cuts in pull stroke, the saw is different from them. A tenon saw makes its cuts in push stroke.
While cutting, it should be remembered that the cuts should be made with the saw slowly and gently. It is better if you mark the cutting line with a pencil or marker before starting to make cuts.